Sample Projects: Asia and the Pacific

Implementing the Value Chain-Based GHG Emissions Assessment for Vietnam

The Government of Vietnam proposed several challenging and seemingly competing goals for Vietnam’s agriculture sector, namely a 20% increase in production, a 20% decrease in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and a 20% reduction in rural poverty by 2020. For its part in this ambitious program, Global Development Solutions applied its proprietary integrated value chain analysis methodology (IVCA) to identify constraints along value chains of two key crops, rice and tea, to help define optimal intervention points and activities to increase production. At the same time, GDS transposed onto the IVCA an additional tool to measure GHG emissions along the same value chain. This process provided insights into the relationship between output maximization and GHG emissions to help define optimal intervention approaches that minimize GHG emissions while maximizing the potential yield rate for both rice and tea. Data was collected through field interviews at every point along the value chain. This method of primary research, combined with robust, proprietary analytical tools, ensures that the results are relevant to the unique needs of Vietnam and that future research can be scaled to build upon the pilot study. The full study is available by clicking here.

Northeastern States Trade and Investment Creation Initiative

Global Development Solutions provided assistance in formulating a trade facilitation and competitiveness strategy for the Government of India. GDS designed and developed a framework to support Northeast India to increase productivity, access new regional and extra-regional markets, and develop growth opportunities for the region’s private sector. The final outcome of the project was an investment fund in excess of USD200 million to support the region’s private sector.

For example, in the case of bamboo – a promising sector in terms of resource availability and export growth potential – trade and investment were hampered by a range of issues including:
  • High cost of transportation due to numerous internal checkpoints administered by rent-seeking officials and poor roads, as well as trade-inhibiting regulatory regimes among northeastern states (click here to see).
  • Yields ranging from one-half to two tons per hectare whereas average yields in China are 25 to 27 tons per hectare. Stimulation of India's bamboo plantations is expected to improve yields and to increase varieties to better accommodate demand.
  • As high as 80% processing waste in manufacturing bamboo sticks and parquet flooring was directly correlated to poor expertise of processors unaided by technical extension support.

Integrated Value Chain Analyses of Strategic Sectors in Pakistan

Global Development Solutions identified key issues and provided detailed channel mapping of critical competitiveness inhibitors in the cotton-to-garment, dairy, and automotive parts industries, as well as in the marble (mining and processing), shrimp and apple processing sectors. In the jeans manufacturing sector, for example, insufficient in-house design capabilities and lack of skilled workers to implement new manufacturing techniques were hindering the sector’s ability to move up-market to higher value-added jeans. The lack of training and skills adversely affected productivity levels of the small and medium scale jeans makers.

Other issues identified were:
  • Production losses: Excessive production losses (e.g. up to 20% in the dairy sector due to improper chilling).
  • Water: Poor water quality is responsible for a significant portion of wastage in the shrimp and dairy sectors.
  • Training, skills and knowledge: Inadequate investment in labor skills is a recurring issue in all sectors studied.
  • Debilitating duty valuations: Government fees, including duties and other import charges, increase the cost of importing raw material by 7.6% in some segments of the automotive value chain.

An Integrated Value Chain Analysis of the Fresh Produce Sector in Papua New Guinea

For Papua New Guinea, Global Development Solutions constructed a dynamic simulation that opened up new avenues for the government and private sector to formulate a sector-wide strategy to improve efficiency and competitiveness of the agriculture sector in both the local and regional markets. The simulation allowed policy makers and stakeholders along the entire farm-to-fork value chain to understand the impact of change at any point in the supply chain. For example, if the price of seed increases by 2%, the impact of this price change will show at every step of the way – from farmer income to market. “What if” scenarios can be generated to understand the interdependency of multiple variables such as margins, input costs, transportation costs, etc. along the farm-to-market supply chain.

Towards a Private Sector-Led Growth Strategy for Cambodia

A channel mapping exercise was conducted for six distinct products/commodities: rice, garments, cotton/textiles, motorcycles, tobacco and canned milk. In addition to channel mapping, a customs clearance roadmap showing the complexity of the existing customs clearance procedure was also presented. Furthermore, taking into account the focus placed on determining the impact of high administrative costs associated with conducting business in Cambodia, an itemized list of undocumented fees imposed on enterprises operating in Cambodia was compiled.